Galle Fort is a historic fortification located in the city of Galle on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the best preserved examples of a fortified city built by European colonial powers in South Asia.
The fort was originally built by the Portuguese in the late 16th century, but it was extensively fortified by the Dutch during the 17th century when they captured Galle from the Portuguese. The fort served as a strategic outpost for trade and defense during the colonial era, as it was situated along the major maritime routes between Europe and Asia.
Galle Fort features a unique blend of European architectural styles, influenced by the Portuguese, Dutch, and British who occupied the fort at different times in history. The fortifications include thick ramparts, bastions, and a moat that surrounds the entire area. The walls of the fort offer panoramic views of the Indian Ocean, the city of Galle, and the surrounding landscape.
Within the fort, you’ll find a charming blend of colonial era buildings, narrow streets, and quaint courtyards. Many of the buildings have been well-preserved and restored, housing boutique hotels, guesthouses, art galleries, cafes, restaurants, and shops. The fort is also home to several museums, including the National Maritime Archaeology Museum and the Historical Mansion Museum.0